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Francais

Fleas

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A common parasite, fleas are found in almost every area of the U.S. and Canada.   Fleas can be found on dogs, cats, and many wild mammals.  They survive year to year even in cold climates because they live on pets, in buildings, and on wild animals.

There are four stages to the flea life cycle.  Eggs are laid by an adult female flea which is on a host.  The eggs roll off into the environment and after a few days they mature into larvae.  Larvae survive by eating eat flea feces, flea egg shells, organic debris, and other flea larvae.  They can crawl and move as far as six inches per day.   After a few days, and once conditions are conducive, larvae mature into pupae.  Pupae have very thick shells and are very resistant to environmental conditions.  After a few days, and once the pupae detect a host is present, they mature into adult fleas that hop on another host.

There are many types of flea treatments.   Unfortunately, there is no one drug or chemical that can kill all four stages of the flea.   There are several types of good products to kill adult fleas; our staff will advise you on the safest and most effective treatment for your pet.

Fleas should be treated as they can carry several diseases: tapeworms, Cat scratch disease (Bartonella), murine typhus, and the bubonic plague.  Also fleas are the number one allergen of dogs and cats and can cause severe skin disease.

Our veterinary team can help you with a flea control program depending on what kind of pets you have and the level of flea infestation.  Control may involve treating the environment as well as the pets.